Preventing Corruption by monitoring the assets of the public officials with stressing the Law on The Asset consideration of officials and authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The exchange of public interest against private interests is a brief definition of the corruption, and its existence in any society indicates the defect of the right functions of the public institutions. corruption is an anti - value phenomenon and is detrimental to the rule of law, so that prevention of it is an undeniable necessity for governments and that it directly relates to the legitimacy of political systems. In most countries is one of the tools of preventing and combating corruption, monitoring property of public officials. It is often impossible to detect and prosecute corruption offenses because of the hidden nature of their nature, and focusing on the property of officials is precisely to overcome this problem. In line with global developments and the desire to keep up with the tools of fight corruption, laws have been passed in Iran to combat corruption. The law of property monitoring of authorities, officials and agents of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved in 1394 is one of these. The adoption of the Act itself is a step forward, but its effectiveness and usefulness must be measured in practice. From the surveying that have been carried out, it becomes apparent that the defects in the above law are noticed, including the fact that the mechanism for checking the property during the service has not been conceived, as the important discussion of the conflict of interest has not been mentioned and the law has not been sufficiently sanctione. In short, the accepted standards of developed countries in the combating against corruption are not included in the Law of the Iran, and the need to resolve and correct the weaknesses of the law is strongly felt.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
The Judiciary Law Journal, Volume:84 Issue: 110, 2020
1 - 26  
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