The first step in this paper is to differentiating between two possible aesthetic encounter with nature. The core of this difference is located in an effect impressed by art on its audience. The effect, named here Poetry-stroke (being blighted by poetry), is essentially ascribed to poetry because of its linguistic origin and is counted as a blight in respect to demolition caused by it in man-nature (or man-world) authentic relation. Poetry-stroke is at the same time recognized as a powerful operator in generating and sustaining culture. For it is this very blight that facilitate the possibility of comprehending and feeling the passions and moods of the others. This comprehension leads straight to accepting others as different and so to the genesis of civilization. Therefore there is a dilemma between authenticity and culture essentially based on how we approach art or poetry. Demonstrating this dilemma is the main aim of this paper. But we also propose in response to this dilemma a sketch of what can be called a rational culture. In this kind of culture every single poem in every encounter by everyone is under surveillance of reason. The process of becoming cultured therefore would be based on knowing and not feeling.
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