Codification of The Designing Criteria of Shared Spaces In The Central Area of The Cities(Case study: Khayyam Street, Qazvin)

Article Type:
Case Study (بدون رتبه معتبر)

Nowadays, outspreading the range of activities due to indulgent constructions in cities has led to road traffic problems such as traffic jam, slow transportations, intense decrease in parking lot, consumption of fossil fuels increases dramatically, accidents and decline in the safety of the pedestrian, increase of environmental pollution, social problems namely individual vivacity declines and etc. City centers due to concentration of activities and people are always indicated as one of the most important traffic spots in cities. Civil theoreticians, along providing various techniques in the human oriented development of the cities, have directly referred to constructing sidewalks and the positive effects of these spaces on social vivacity’s development and citizens satisfaction. which can be introduce as one of the most important approaches in decreasing traffic. in shared spaces, the first priority of the scientists of civil studies, in addition to make the city human-oriented, is the need for the presence of automobiles has also been noticed. This has led to satisfaction of a large number of the beneficiaries of the city space. In the shared spaces it has been tried to establish the controlled and limited presence of vehicle along with the full presence of the pedestrians.  


This paper aims to extract and provide urban design criteria to create Share Spaces in urban center (In this Study: Khayaam Street in Qazvin city) based on information analysis obtained from successful global experiences.  


In the research process, in addition to reviewing the theoretical contexts , using descriptive methods and analyzing the information available in the resources, it investigates the design criteria of Shared Space in global experiences and the proposed criteria are Provided in order to implement this plan in central urban areas.  


Findings research indicate 5 separate items, identified the principles, criteria , sub-criteria, strategic axes and finally designing approaches of the Shares Space design for implementation in the urban centers and criteria for administrating these ideas has been presented as a framework in a table.     


presents a framework in 5 area such as, managing and calming traffic, progress in urban land scape, environmental and economical situations, city services, improvement in social life and cultural interaction are shared space design criterion in urban central area.

Journal of research in urban planning and architecture of Environment Identity, Volume:1 Issue: 2, 2020
1 to 21  
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