Evaluation of Iran northwestern provinces considering economic indices by VIKOR Model

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)

Achieving development, although today is clearly one of the sweetest and most unattainable aspirations of many countries in the world, but the idea of ​​progress and the ways to achieve it, has a long history and during different periods of human life, Different societies, especially the rival ones, have always tried to achieve the latest methods and tools for mastering nature and making better and more efficient use of its facilities in order to expand their power and abilities. The purpose of this article is to achieve the relative superiority of each province by evaluating the dominant economic indicators. For this purpose, first, using the Shannon entropy method, each of the 11 economic indicators was weighed, then in order to achieve the research results, using the data available in the Statistics Center and using the multi-criteria decision-making technique (VIKOR) for the data. In 2016, an analysis was made. According to the purpose of the research, which is to evaluate the northwestern provinces of Iran in terms of dominant economic indicators with the Vikor model, five provinces of East Azerbaijan, Western Azerbaijan, Ardabil, Zanjan and Kurdistan were studied. In this regard, Excel software has been used to calculate quantitative data in different stages of the model and Arc GIS10.3 software has been used to draw the map of the level of provinces. The results show that the provinces of West Azerbaijan have the lowest numerical value of the Vikor index equal to 0.180 in the highest rank and East Azerbaijan with the value of the index 0.5 in the second rank and the provinces of Ardabil, Kurdistan and Zanjan due to the desired value. The index numbers are 0.978, 0.984 and 1, respectively, in the third to fifth ranks.

Journal of research in urban planning and architecture of Environment Identity, Volume:1 Issue: 2, 2020
22 to 39
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