Developing, Validation, Reliability and Normalization of Moral Behavior Scale among Adolescents

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)

This study was conducted with the aim of developing, validation, reliability, and normalization of moral behavior scale among adolescents.

Research Methodology

The study was carried out in two phases. In the first phase (qualitative part), the existing theoretical foundations of moral behaviors were studied and categorized by the use of the content analysis method. In the second phase (the quantitative part), based on the findings of content analysis, a 35-items scale was developed to measure two identified factors called negative and positive behaviors. The research method was descriptive-correlational, and the statistical population included all adolescents of Hamedan in the academic year of 2021-2022. The sample size included 1093 people who were randomly selected through multi-stage cluster sampling method, and they completed the researcher-made scale. To examine the validity of the scale, exploratory factor analysis, content validity method, and concurrent validity, and to investigate the reliability of the scale Cronbach alpha were used.


The results of exploratory factor analysis specified 2 factors named negative and positive behaviors.The estimated Cronbach alpha reliability coefficients for the whole scale was 0.862, and  subscales  of negative and positive behaviors were 0.918, 0.920 respectively. Normative information of this scale is also reported.


According to the results, moral behavior scale has suitable validity and reliability, and can be used in various organizations.

Journal of Transcendental Education, Volume:2 Issue: 3, 2022
110 to 127  
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