Analysis of the relationship between the legislation of prayer and the hadith "La salata ila bifatiha e al-kitab" in the knowledge of the first Surah Nazalah.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The issue of the first Surah of Nazlah has been researched by Quran scholars and finally, according to the relevant evidences, one of the Surahs of Mudassar, Alaq, Hamad has been chosen as the first Surah of Nazlah. Those who say the descending priority of Surah Hamad have insisted on numerous evidences; Such as the establishment of prayer by the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions and the hadith "La salata ila bifatiha e al-kitab". The purpose of this research is to explain the relationship between the legalization of prayer and the hadith "la salata illa bifatiha e al-kitab" with the first verses and surahs of the revelation, in order to give credibility to The suspicion is the result of the dating of the first verses or Surahs of the Nazlah. By examining the relationship between these two reasons in a descriptive-analytical way in determining the first Surah of the Nazlah and reflecting on the justifications mentioned against them, it is known that there is no need for the revelation to be the first. He proved Surah Al-Hamd based on those two reasons. Referring to the common method in the collection of narrations indicating the first verses and Surah Nazla, it can be said that the first five verses of Surah Al-Alak were revealed at the beginning of Baath and then verses from the first of Surah Mudassar. Surah Hamad is considered to be the first fully revealed Surah.

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