Comparison of psychological symptoms in smokers,non-smokers and smokers referring for cessation
The aim of this study was to compare the psychological symptoms in three groups of smokers, smokers self referred for cessation, and non-smokers. Method of research was ex post facto and the statistical population was three groups of smokers, self referred smokers for cessation and non-smokers in Tehran city, among them 46 smokers, 50 self referred smokers for cessation and 50 non-smokers were selected through convenience sampling. The research instrument was Hopkins Symptom Checklist (Derogatis et al, 1974). Data were analyzed through multivariate covariance analysis and scheffe’s post hoc test. Results showed that there is a significant difference among three groups in somatization and anxiety (P< 0.05). The results of scheffe analyses showed that there is a difference between self referred smokers for cessation and non-smokers in somatization (P< 0.05) and between smokers and non-smokers in somatization (P< 0.01) and anxiety (P< 0.05).
Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology, Volume:12 Issue: 43, 2011
66 to 75  
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