فهرست مطالب

پژوهش ها و مطالعات علوم رفتاری - پیاپی 34 (زمستان 1396)
  • پیاپی 34 (زمستان 1396)
  • 158 صفحه، بهای روی جلد: 80,000ريال
  • تاریخ انتشار: 1396/12/21
  • تعداد عناوین: 8
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  • Vahideh Babakhani *, Keyvan Samanipour Pages 9-22
    The present study was a descriptive – correlational study which sought to determine the relationship of the feeling of loneliness and emotional maturity to social adjustment in students. 235 students were selected from all(625) male tenth grade students of Senior Secondary Program studying in public high schools of Hashtgerd, Iran in the academic year 2016-2017, using the multistage cluster sampling method. The revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Emotional Maturity Scale, and the Social Adjustment Scale were implemented as the research instruments on each subject. The collected data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient, regression analysis, and SPSS. The findings suggested that there was a significant negative correlation between the feeling of loneliness and social adjustment (P<0.05) and a significant posi-tive correlation between emotional maturity and social adjustment (P<0.01). Results from the regression analysis showed that emotional maturity was a predictor of social adjustment in students. However, feeling of loneliness was demonstrated not to be a predictor of social adjustment in students.
    Keywords: feeling of loneliness, emotional maturity, social adjustment
  • Ayyub Dabiri *, Zahra Haqshenas Pages 23-42
    The theme of savior is an important concept in post- colonial studies. Edward Said has widely discussed the theme in Orientalism and Culture and Imperialism. Putting forward the colonial discourse theory, he explores the way the colonizers exercise power on other nations through changing the meaning of the concept of savior. This research is an attempt to examine Savushun by Simin Daneshvar and A Passage to India by E. M. Forster using Edward Saeid’s theories. The study shows that some characters of the novels, as the victims of colonial powers, help them achieve their goals through ace-pting the artificial notions which are created by colonizers. One of these noti-ons is the concept of savior. In fact, the colonial powers introduce themselves as saviors of the other nations and individuals who accept them turn into instruments of power which help the colonial powers achieve their goals.
    Keywords: Colonial Discourse, Savior, Post- Colonial Studies – Savushon - A Passage to India
  • Hojat Hatami, Ebrahim Rangraz, Masood Arashmehr Pages 43-62
    The purpose of this study was to survey the relationship between organizational communications system and interpersonal conflict in physical education offices of Alborz province. The research methodology of this research was a descriptive and correlative and survey study. 55 of employees working in physical education offices of Alborz province were included in the sample which was randomly selected for this study. Researcher made questionnaire was used as investigation instrument. Reliability and validity of study instrument was confirmed through physical education experts and university professors’ opinions; the pilot study as well as its internal validity was found significant by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Descriptive statistics (f-frequency distribution, percenta -ge, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation, t student Levenes) were used in the study. Results showed that there was opposite and significant relationship between organizational communications system and interpersonal conflict in these offices.
    Keywords: Organizational Communications System, Interpersonal Confl-ict, Employee
  • Abrisham Rashidzadeh Davan, Mohammad Ataei, Sayedmahdi Alvani, Naser Hamidi Pages 63-84
    Executive Coaching as a new form of leadership development is growing rapidly and has become one of the most popular personal devel-opment tools. While executive Coaching as a leadership development and performance improvement strategy recently has attracted much attention from coaching researchers and practitioners, serious discussion on how to affect learner in coaching relationship and important factors of effective coaching experience, remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify effective interactional coaching characteristics in occupational context with an emphasis on forward-looking, learning and solving the crisis approaches of coaching. In this study, to describe the interactions that are directing effective executive Coaching from coach and coachee point of view, non-experimental methodology was used. Thus, an interactional coaching questionnaire was developed and provided to sports experts. Finally, findings represented the most effective charac-teristics of interactional coaching based on occupational context with an emphasis on forward-looking, learning and solving the crisis approaches.
    Keywords: Coaching, learning, personal development, organizational devel-opment, leadership
  • Somayye Kazemiabharian, Jafar Puyamanesh Pages 85-96
    This research aimed to determine relationship between optimism and performance of family with marital satisfaction of employed women. Therefore, 120 employed women in governmental organizations of Abhar city were selected by stepwise-clustering. Participants answered to questi-onnaires of optimism, family performance, and marital satisfaction. Collected data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and step by step regre-ssion. Results showed there was significant and positive relationship between optimism and marital satisfaction (p<0.01). There was significant and positive relationship between family performance and marital satisfa-ction (p<0.01). Results of stepwise regression showed 46% variance of marital satisfaction was determined by family performance and optimism. Therefore, it can be concluded that family performance and optimism are related to marital satisfaction.
    Keywords: optimism, family performance, marital satisfaction, employed women
  • Ozra kazemi, Mohammad Ghamari Pages 97-110
    The main objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of pre-marriage instruction classes on girls mate selection criteria. The study population consisted of Abhar city high school girls who were selected by cluster random sampling. The present research method was quasi-experimental with pretest – posttest plan and control group and to collect information, mate-selection criteria prioritization was used. The number of samples was 40 people which were randomly divided into two groups (20 people in experimental group), (20 people in control group) that was performed from both pre-test and post-test groups. The experimental group was trained for ten sessions before marriage. For statistical data analysis, univariate analysis of covariance was used. The results showed that pre-marriage instruction had a positive impact on girls mate selection criteria (p <0/05).
    Keywords: pre-marriage instruction, classes-girls’ mate selection criteria, adolescents
  • Mitra Nikamal Pages 111-130
    This study sought to examine effectiveness of Schema Therapy based on emotional on quality of life of Couple. The design of the study was experimental research with pre-test and post-test with control group. The experimental group (12 couples) and the control group (12 couples) were selected by accessibility method. Sixty six clients were selected at random from among the data population, using the tools WHOQOL- BREF (Nghat & et al, 2006). Analyzing the data, primary and conducting data analysis with multi analysis of covariance (MANCOVA), the indexes of statistic power were calculated. The results of Hotelling’s Trace (F=7.97, P<0.01) showed that the experimental group had significant difference with the control group in quality of life. The experimental group improved in physical health, psychological health, social relationship and health rather than the control group. Also, there was no difference between the groups in environmental health. Therefore, all hypotheses concerning the effectiveness of family therapy which is based on schema therapy based on Emotion on quality of life clients were confirmed. The findings of the study, furthermore, showed that both schema therapy have almost a similar effect on effectiveness of schemas and their components.
    Keywords: quality of life, Schema therapy, emotion-based, couple1. Ph
  • Somayye Hashemi, Fateme Parasteqambvani, Ramezan Jahanian Pages 131-146
    This study aimed to predict teachers’ organizational health via social health in Abeyek city in the academic year 1394-95. The statistical population included all primary school teachers, grade 1 and grade 2 high school teachers numbered 961. The sample consisted of 278 teachers based on Krejsi & Morgan’s table and Kokran’s formula. Data gathering instruments were: Kiyez social health, and Holy and Fieldman’s organizational health questionnaires (Cronbach’s alpha 0.77 &0.92 respectively). To analyze gathered data SPSS was used. Results indicated that there was positive significant correlation between social health components and organizational health (p<0.05, r=0.143). Results also showed a significant share of social health components in predicting organizational health of Abeyek city. This indicated improvement of organizational health through social health.
    Keywords: health, social health, organizational health