Effect of donepezil hydrochloride on reference and working memory impairment after bilateral electrical lesion of nucleus basalis magnocellularis in rats model of Alzheimer disease
Message:
Abstract:
Background And Objective
Dysfunction and loss of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons and their cortical projections are the earliest pathological events in the pathogenesis of alzheimer disease (AD). This study was done to evaluate the effect of donepezil hydrochloride on reference and working memory caused by mutual electrical lesion of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) in animal model of AD.
Methods
In this experimental study, 56 adult male Wistar rats were allocated into 8 group (n=7) including: control (intact), NBM lesion group, which received electrically- induced lesion (0.5 m A, 3s) in NBM, Sham group (the electrode was impaled in to the NBM with no lesion), donepezil groups (lesion 0.1, 1, 5, 10 mg/kg/bw of donepezil hydrochloride) and vehicle group (NBM lesion saline). Acquisition and retention testing were done by using an eight-radial arm maze, in which, the patterns of arm entries in each group was recorded for calculating correct choice, working memory errors, reference memory error and latency.
Results
The spatial learning of animals in the lesion of NBM group significantly reduced in compared to controls (P
Conclusion
Treatment with donepezil hydrochloride, dose-dependently improves cognitive impairment induced by the destruction of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Volume:20 Issue:1, 2018
Pages:
36 - 42
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