"The effect of video interaction guidance of mother- infant interaction on stress in mothers with premature neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units."
Preterm birth associated with adverse outcomes in mothers who their preterm infant hospitalized including ,"stress".mother stress rather is related to infant behavioural problems,educational low level,and lack of social support.hospitalization of preterm infant make sence of absence and emotional interaction between mother- infant was disrrupted. respecting to importance of this issue,this article is done in order to assess the effect of video interaction guidence of mother- infant interaction on stress in mothers with premature neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units."
Method:This research is semi quasi intervention that done on 80 mothers preterm infant within control and intervention group that their neonate hospitalized in neonate intensive care unit.video interactin guidance including recording films of researcher- preterm infant interaction as embracing,lulling, preterm lactating,with some educational film which other films extracting from validate site were shown for mothers in intervention group. Then, in fourth and seventh day of intervention,these films were shown for mothers and therafter,pss questionnaire compeleted by them as first post test(fourth day) and secound post test(seventh day).this films were shown in order to ethic consideration for control group. After gathering questionnaires,we used statistical test such as T test,chi square test,exat fisher test,for variables in this research.data analysis was done by spss version 18. Foundings: with regard to independent T test, mother mean stress score in both group Before intervention and then in fourth and seventh day of intervention indicate that this score is 93 in intervention group that increased to 67/81 in fourth day, then reduced to 76/71 in seventh day of intervention.meanwhile,in control group, mean stress score is 97 in first day that increased to 69/13 in fourth day of intervention and then increased to 77.
Resultswith respecting to there is no statistical different in mean stress score in both of control and intervention groups before intervention ,it could be resulting that this research founding represent the effect of video intraction guidence on reducing mothers stress in intervention group.therefore, it suggested that in order to diminishing mothers stress and with regard to important effects due to early mother- preterm infant interaction in the first days of preterm life have on infant brain and emotional- social development , then,reducing mothers stress who their infant hospitalized,and also maintaining mother- infant interaction, immediately after birth and as it advantages such as lowering cost and short time using it could resulting that it is usable as one of educational and caring method in neonate intensive care unit, it suggest that apply in that places.
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Nursing, Volume:5 Issue:2, 2019
68 - 74
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