The Comparsion the Effectiveness of Perceptual Skills Reconstruction and Education Executive Functions (Attention, Planning, Respose Inhibition) on Working Memory, Perceptual Reasoning, and Math Performance of Students with Specific Math Learning Disorder
The purposeof this study was to compare the effect of Perceptual skills reconstruction program and executive function training on perceptual reasoning, working memory and math performance of third grade students with special math disorder. Methods this empirical study includes pretest-posttest and control group.The statistical population of the study includes all students with special learning disorder in third grade mathematics in 2017 academic year. The sample consisted of 45 students who were selected by simple random sampling and placed in two intervention groups and one control group. To collect the data, the Key Math Test, the Raven Test, Wechsler–IV Perceptual Reasoning Scale, Math Disorders Diagnostic test, and Stanford-Bine's Working Memory Scale were used to be completed by intervention and control group participants before intervention and one to eight weeks after intervention. The experimental group A underwent 17 sessions of executive function training (45 minutes each) and the experimental group B underwent 16 sessions of rehabilitation training. Data analysis was performed using variance analysis with repeated measures. Findings showed that both interventions methods were effective on perceptual reasoning, non-verbal working memory and were not effective on verbal working memory. On the other hand, there was no significant difference between the effectiveness of these two methods. based on the results, it seems that these two methods can be used as an effective approach for the treatment of students with special learning disorder.
Journal of Cognitive Psycholog, Volume:6 Issue: 3, 2018
61 - 70
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