As the population in rural areas grows, health and environmental safety problems increase. Considering the nature of rural settlements as well as the dangers and incidents that threaten the villagers, the present study has been conducted to determine the feasibility of establishing a health and environmental safety administration system in the rural management of Jazinak village of Zabol town in Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran.
In this descriptive study, the statistical research population was selected through census sampling in 2017 and consisted of 52 managers, trustworthy executives, village chiefs and members of Islamic councils. A researcher-made questionnaire was utilized for data collection. Descriptive statistics were used for demographic variables, and one-way ANOVA and independent t-test were utilized for analyzing the data.
The results revealed that the role of village chiefs in protecting the environment of the village was 57.6% (30 people) and at a good level. The status of safety indicators of 3 people (5.8%) was poor, of 39 people (75%) was average, of 8 people (15.4%) was good, and of 2 people (3.8%) was excellent; the environment status of the village was considered poor by 5 people (9.6%), average by 24 people (46.1%), good by (38.5%) of the villagers, and great by 3 people (5.8%). Health and environmental safety indicators showed significant differences (p = 0.001).
The findings showed that the average score of the status of health and environmental safety indicators in Jazinak village is average and poor. Therefore, it is necessary to pay careful attention to the implementation and establishment of health and environmental safety administration in villages.