Environmental impact assessment and sustainability level determination of Boog Granite Mine using Philips model
Sustainable development is the consequent of balance generation among the three parameters, contains economy, social and environment; As their inattention will cause the balance disturbance and getting away from sustainable development. The mining industry and dependent industries are one of the most influential industries in economic development and industrialization process for each country. The main target of sustainable mining is the profit rising, reducing the operational risk and making the ideal environmental circumstances. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is an essential issue in environmental problem protection. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the Boog Granite Mine located in Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran, and determining the effective factors and environmental components, was done, in the present study. Boog granite mine is one of the most important Iranian construction quarries, which is extracted outdoors and has a significant impact on the economy, culture, and environment around it. In this study, a quantitative model of environmental impact assessment was used using the matrix method. Air quality, ecology, and human health and safety are along with the most environmental damages resulted from the mining activities in that area with 33.63, 28.26 and 28.09 percent, respectively. Finally, the results gained from the assessment of the environmental impact are used to evaluate the sustainability using Philips Mathematical Model. Considering the accomplished calculations and considering that the environmental parameters are bigger than the human parameter, the present project has been evaluated as a sustainable case; but the sustainability has been located in a weak class. So environmental preventive measures are recommended to reduce the environmental damages to its components.
Journal of Natural environment hazards, Volume:8 Issue:22, 2019
199 - 212
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