The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postural abnormalities with the quality of life and self-efficacy of the blind and partially sighted people.
100 blind and partially sighted people (mean age 34 years old including 48 males and 52 females) under the supervision of the Association of the Blind and Partially Sighted of Arak city (Iran) were selected by available sampling method. The New York test, SF-36 questionnaire, and self-efficacy questionnaire of Scherer were used for assessement of postural abnormalities, the quality of life and self-efficacy, respectively. The questionnaires were completed by interview.
Results showed the quality of life was favorable, but the self-efficacy was moderate in experimental sujjects. There was a reverse and significant correlation between postural abnormalities with life quality and self-efficacy in blind and partially sighted (p<0.05). Postural abnormalities inversely were a significant predictor for the life quality and self-efficacy in these subjects (p = 0.02).
Generally, results showed that the evaluation of postural abnormalities in partially sighted and blind people had a specific importance and people with more postural abnormalities had lower self-efficacy and life quality. Indetifcation and correction of these disorders have an improtnat role in improving the qlaity of life and self-efficacy of these individuals.
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