Undoubtedly, the richness of the lexical lexicon has a special role in improving its linguistic skills. There are many common vocabulary in Persian and Arabic languages, which in some cases have different meanings in two languages. And Arabic language learners face many problems in their ability to use them. Hence, the correct learning of these words and the ability to correctly apply them to Arabic learners of Persian language is of particular importance. The present study attempts to study the problems of Persian-Arabic Arabic learners in the use of common vocabulary of Persian and Arabic languages in terms of the quality of choosing their common vocabulary and teaching methods. The research method is descriptive-analytical and survey And the instrument used for data collection is a Researcher questionnaire distributed among (35) Arabic language and literature professors of the universities of the country. The results of the research show that in selecting vocabulary, each of the three criteria of linguistic level, linguistic need and interest and the purpose of teaching the language are equally important. Arabic vocabulary that is used in Persian is a common vocabulary that looks similar in both languages and has different meanings. Arabic terms that have been changed in Persian form and spelling have been chosen as the priority. In vocabulary teaching method, the use of word teaching method using image, the method of verbal analysis of two-language vocabulary and the use of the semantic relation of conflict are more appropriate for teaching common vocabulary.
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