The field and
Today, driving accidents and risky behaviors are consider
as one of the main causes of death and injury in the world. Of course, this amount is
much higher in developing countries than developed countries. Since the driving
high-risk behaviors are complex behaviors and have different dimensions, so this
study aimed to investigate the sociological factors affecting on driving behavior and
have conducted by assisting the interpretation and explanation which drivers have
from their lived experience about their driving behavior.
This study is a mixed research where quantitative and qualitative
were used together concurrently. The first part or quantitative method and the survey
was based on questionnaire.. Researcher have been trying to reach a better
understanding of desired phenomenon in the second part of research which was
done using qualitative method and phenomenological approach and the explanations
that the actors (drivers) have done from driving risky behaviors. For this purpose,
some interviews were done with 18 drivers in Tehran, with at least 2 years
experience of driving in Tehran and in recent years, regularly they have been busy
by driving in semi-standard and depth form, and personally. Interviews time were
considered between 40 and 60 minutes.
In the quantitative part of research, through SPSS software
and in qualitative part, we have analysed the qualitative data by helping the
of Smith's sixth stage.
Research findings in the quantitative part suggest that the social factors
(46%), environmental-psychological factors related to Metropolis(45/3%) and
cultural factors (9%) will explain changes related to the dependent variable (Risky
Driving Behaviors) and the study also revealed that the demographic factors (age,
gender, etc.) have no impact on risky behaviors of driving. In the qualitative part,
after analyzing data obtained from interviews, and after developing the basic
concepts. Which among these 10 categories, based on the abundance and the variety
of concepts used by participants, three categories were selected as basic categories:Defects in the process of social learning, objective contexts (environmentaltechnical
factors) and the attitude of the police and law.. The combination of
qualitative and quantitative findings indicate that these findings are converging and
verify each other.
driving behavior, is a complex and multi-dimensional behavior and
however, in this meantime, the role of driver in controlling driving behavior is so
important; but for the formation of correct driving behavior, in addition to driver role
(agency), the availability of other social, environmental, cultural and structural
substrates can prevent many of the risky behaviors of driving
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