Review on Considerations and Treatments of Dr.Polak (Case Study of Dr.Polak’s Travelogue)
Background and Aim

personal and public sanitation are very important to provide health of society. This important subject was not considered too much due to various reasons, during Qajar era-especially before establishment of Darolfonoon. As some temporary reformations and considerations were related to the person in charge but not the system and culture of society sanitation itself, they were sentenced to failure. In 19th century, modern elements of public sanitation were inserted in superstitious society of Iran and challenged the traditional medicine. The aim of this research is to review considerations and treatments of Dr.Jakob Eduard Polak. He did many theoretical and practical actions in modern medicine in Iran.

Materials and Methods

based on Dr.Polak's diary, historical references, travelogues, new researches and studies the author tries to give a clear description of Dr.Polak’s considerations and treatment methods via descriptive-analytical research method.


during Qajar era, European medicine appeared and gradually, skills of their doctors and surgeons gained court’s and people’s trust. Establishment of Darolfonoonincreased number of European doctor and new scientific methods and confirmed medicine as a professional skill. Polak, as one of the founders of modern medicine, not only taught in Darolfonoon, wrote and translate some books but also treated and cured patients in various methods.


Facing various diseases, Dr.Polak was curious and a researcher. It seems that he was professional, precise and deep which let him consider many factors and considerations for his patients. Age, sex, race and geography of life were some of these factors. While paying attention to methods of Iranian doctors, sometimes criticize, accept, reject or use their ones. But in the treatment of other diseases such as stone diseases, cancer surgery, leishmaniasis and… used his own method.

Article Type:
Case Study
History of Medicin Journal, Volume:12 Issue: 43, 2020
33 - 47  
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