Mongolian Traditional Medicine, a Combination of Other Nations' Traditional Medicine
Background and Aim

Mongols, like other ethnic communities, have had principles in medicine and lifestyle which have been influenced by their living conditions and environment. Finding Mongolian rules is a little difficult, because the Mongols lived in many lands during their life history and have always been influenced by the traditions and rules of a new land and Mongolian principles have been changed. As a result, it can be said that their medical beliefs also had many changes and have taken a new form. The aim of this study is to review the most ancient beliefs in traditional medicine and therapies of Mongols, to review the development of their traditional medical knowledge and the current situation.

Materials and Methods

In this research, historical books, articles and Internet resources about Traditional Mongolian medicine were searched with the key words of "Mongol" and "traditional medicine".


In this research, the effect of the Mongol’s religious beliefs on treatment and health beliefs were assessed. The principles of traditional Mongolian medicine and the way of changes in traditional medicine knowledge under the influence of the medical knowledge of other nations and some of their therapeutic manners were expressed.


The most important factors affecting traditional Mongolian medicine were their religious beliefs which have been very mixed with witchcraft. Their traditional medical beliefs, practices have been gradually mixed with the traditions of other nations, such as "Tibet" and "India" and theories and techniques have been developed. Traditional medicine now has a valuable place among the Mongols and is used impressively

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
History of Medicin Journal, Volume:11 Issue: 40, 2020
19 - 31  
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