Dental anxiety is one of the important reasons for avoiding dental treatment and, in the long time it can result in decrease in oral and dental health as well as decrease in quality of life of patients. Furthermore, the presence of anxiety in the patients and its repetition in the examination of patients can also affect the efficiency of dentists. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of verbal education on the anxiety of patients with irreversible pulpitis
In this clinical trial, 96 patients with irreversible pulpitis of maxillary premolars referred to Khatam-ol-Anbia Specialty Clinic in Yazd, Iran were randomly studied into case and control groups. Before the start of the treatment, a verbal description of the therapeutic measures and type of devices was given to the case group patients for 15 minutes, but no verbal education was given to the control group. Patients completed the Standard Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS). The data were statistically analyzed using SPSS17 software and T-test and paired T-test.
Before the intervention, the anxiety score in the control group was 10.46 and in the intervention group was 11.71 (p > 0.05), and after the intervention, it was 8.65 and 8.21 respectively (p > 0.05). The rate of anxiety reduction in the intervention group was significantly more than the control group (p =0.017).
The reduction in anxiety score in the intervention group was significantly more than the control group, which was the result of intervention and it can be said that the verbal explanation was effective in reducing the anxiety of the patients.
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