The Role of Sense of Coherence and Personal Intelligence in Prediction the Craving of Substance Abusers

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Drug abuse has been affected by a combination of individual, family and social factors. Craving for drug abuse has been recognized as a predictor of negative outcomes of treatment of drug abuse disorders.


The present study aimed to determine the role of a sense of coherence and personal intelligence in the prediction of the craving of drug users

Material and Methods

 The present study is descriptive and correlational. The population of the study consisted of all drug users who referred to treatment centers in the first half of 2018 in the outpatient departments of Kermanshah province, a total of 120 individuals were selected through cluster random sampling. Data collection tools consisted of three questionnaires including a sense of coherence, personal intelligence and craving. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regressions using SPSS 25


The results of correlation coefficients showed that the craving had a negative and significant relationship with the total score of sense of coherence, that of the components of Comprehensibility, Controllability, Significance and Configuration, meaningful and shaping (P<0/01). The results of the regression analysis showed that 30 percent of craving variance was explained by a sense of coherence, and personal intelligence.

Discussion and Conclusion

Accordingly, the sense of coherence and personal intelligence is one of the variables related to craving that can be targeted for the prevention, treatment and depression of these variables.

Journal of Military Caring Sciences, Volume:7 Issue: 2, 2020
167 to 174  
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