Antifungal activity of mycoendobiont fungi isolated from white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), against some its fungal pathogens
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

In this study, the effect of mycoendobiont fungi isolated from white button mushroom against Mycogone perniciosa, Lecanicillium fungicula and Trichoderma harzianum, as its important pathogens, was investigated for use in biological control and replacement of chemical compound. Isolates of mycoendobiont fungi were isolated from the cap, gills and stalk of healthy white button mushroom, collected from major mushroom growing farms in Iran. These isolates screened against aggressive strains mentioned above in dual culture tests and the most effective isolates were selected for greenhouse experiments. White button mushroom spawn was treated with the mycoendobiont fungi and disease incidence and growth parameters were measured. All mycoendobiont isolates tested were able to inhibit and compete with pathogens and controlled the incidence of wet bubble disease (M. perniciosa) from 21.42% to 97.61%, dry bubble disease (L. fungicula) from 60.63% to 96.80% and green mold disease (T. harzianum) from 64.28 to 96.93%. This test was performed in a completely randomized design with Three replications. Mycoendobiont isolates of Fusarium venenatum and Clonostachys rosea had the greatest inhibitory effect on the growth of all pathogens. In addition, Scedosporium apiospermum had a high growth inhibitory effect against M. perniciosa and T. harzianum. According to the results, mycoendobiont fungi of white button mushroom could be considered as the biocontrol agents and growth promoting with the aim of applying them in future.

نشریه کنترل بیولوژیک آفات و بیماری های گیاهی, Volume:10 Issue: 1, 2022
1 to 15  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 990,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 50 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!